Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that attacks the breast and these cancer cells form in the breast tissue. Cancer cells can occur in the glands that produce milk (lobules), or in ducts (ducts) that carry milk from the glands to the nipples. These cancer cells can also form in fatty tissue or connective tissue in the breast (

Knowing how breasts usually look and feel is an important part of breast health. Although it is important to have regular screening tests for breast cancer, a mammogram cannot find all breast cancers. That is, it is important for every woman to be aware of changes in the breast and to know the characteristics of breast cancer.


In the early stages, breast cancer may not show any conspicuous features. In most cases, the tumor may be too small to feel, but the abnormality can still be seen on a mammogram. If you can feel the tumor, the first sign is usually a new lump in the breast that was not there before.

However, not all lumps are cancerous. Everyone has different breast cancer symptoms. Here are some common characteristics of breast cancer, namely:

  • New lumps appear in the breasts or armpits.
  • Thickened or swollen part of the breast.
  • Irritation or dimples on the skin of the breast.
  • Redness or scaly skin on the nipple or breast area.
  • Pain in the nipple area when pulled.
  • Discharge from the nipple but not breast milk, for example, blood comes out.
  • Visible changes in breast size or shape.
  • Pain in any area of ​​the breast.

Keep in mind, this symptom can occur with other conditions besides breast cancer. If you experience one of the characteristics above, it does not mean you have breast cancer. For example, pain in the breast or a lump in the breast can be caused by a benign cyst.

However, if you find a lump in your breast or have other symptoms, it’s best to see a doctor for further examination and testing.

Types of Breast Cancer

There are several types of breast cancer and they are grouped into two main categories, namely “invasive” and “non-invasive”. The invasive tumor has spread from the breast ducts or glands to other parts of the breast, while non-invasive cancer has not spread from the original tissue.

These two categories are used to describe the most common types of breast cancer, including:

  • Ductal carcinoma.
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-invasive type of cancer. In DCIS, cancer cells are confined to the ducts in the breast and do not invade the surrounding breast tissue.
  • Lobular carcinoma.
  • This type is cancer that grows in the milk-producing glands in the breast. Like DCIS, cancer cells have not invaded surrounding tissue.
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma.
  • This type of breast tumor is the most common cancer. This type of breast tumor starts in the milk ducts, then attacks the nearby tissue in the breast. After breast cancer spreads to the tissues outside the milk ducts, it begins to spread to other nearby organs and tissues.
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma.
  • This type of breast tumor first develops in the lobules of the breast and has invaded the surrounding tissue.

Symptoms of breast cancer

In stage zero, cancer cells have formed, but the development is not severe and generally no lumps are found. Only at stage one to the next, cancer cells have developed and tumors have formed with different sizes and spreads at each stage. The higher the stage, the progression and spread of cancer cells and tumors will get worse, so that the symptoms that appear can be more pronounced.

Most women only know that breast cancer is characterized by these lumps and tumors. In fact, there are many other signs and symptoms that mark the appearance of this disease. In fact, lumps that are classified as breast cancer have certain characteristics, which are different from other types of lumps.

Here are some of the symptoms, signs, or features that may appear in people with breast cancer:

There is a lump in the breast

A lump felt in the breast is the most easily recognized early symptom of a breast tumor. Apart from the breasts, these lumps can also appear and feel around the upper chest or armpits. because, the breast tissue extends down the arm.

The lumps are sometimes not visible directly to the naked eye, but will be felt when touched. Cancer lumps are also not painful or painful.

Here are symptoms of a breast tumor lump:

  • The texture of the soft lump feels hard with unclear borders.
  • The surface of the bump is uneven.
  • A lump attached to the breast.
  • There is only one lump.
  • The lump is not painful or painful when pressed.
  • Settles after menstruation is over.

often check the shape and condition of your breasts after each bath so that you can detect any cancer problems as early as possible. So, you will easily recognize strange and abnormal lumps in your breasts.

When the lumps don’t go away after weeks, you also need to get them checked out immediately.

Breast skin changes

Changes in the texture of the breast skin are often a symptom of the tumor, both at an early and advanced stage. Cancer cells can attack healthy breast skin cells and cause inflammation so that the original texture changes.

Unfortunately, this one symptom is often misunderstood as a common skin infection. To be more sure, be aware of breast skin changes that occur due to cancer as below:

There is thickened skin around the breast.

This generally occurs at an advanced stage. These reddish signs can occur in several types of breast tumor, including inflammatory breast tumor and Paget’s disease. In this type of inflammatory breast tumor, the entire breast may look red or have red, painful spots.

However, in Paget’s disease, a red and scaly rash generally occurs in the nipple and surrounding areas. The redness can also feel itchy and a bit like eczema.

If you experience these symptoms, you should immediately see a doctor to determine whether this is related to a breast tumor or a common skin infection.

Colored discharge from the nipple

Other symptoms and features of breast cancer that may occur, especially at an advanced stage, are discharge from the nipple. However, this liquid is not breast milk (breast milk). This fluid can be thin or thick and reddish-brown in color, like blood.

This fluid does not always indicate a tumor. It could be that this discharge from the nipple is a sign of another health problem, such as a breast infection.

However, there is nothing wrong with seeing a doctor when you experience it. Your doctor will examine your condition and diagnose the exact cause of these signs.

Swollen lymph nodes

Swelling of the lymph nodes can also be a feature of breast cancer. The reason is, cancer cells in the breast can move and spread to the lymph nodes.

The lymph nodes (KGB) are a collection of immune system tissues that fight against foreign microorganisms, including cancer cells. If the cancer cells get into the lymph nodes, these glands will become swollen.

Apart from the armpits, the lymph nodes near the collarbone also usually swell. These lymph node lumps generally tend to be small and dense, but feel soft to the touch.

This lump will also grow large and attach to the tissue around the armpit.

Big breasts next door

Generally, both women’s breasts are not exactly the same size and shape. However, you must be vigilant if your breasts look significantly one-sided. This condition could be a sign or symptom of cancer in your breast.

One large breast can occur due to a lump in the breast, due to cancer cells that develop in the area. The side of the breast where the lump is swollen, so it will appear to be drooping or drooping from the other side of the breast.

Thus, the side of the breast affected by this cancer will appear larger than the other side of the breast.

If you experience swelling in your breasts for no apparent reason, don’t hesitate to get it checked out by a doctor. The doctor will determine the cause of these symptoms.

The nipple is retracted or pulled

Apart from the discharge from the nipple, other nipple changes can also be a symptom and a sign that you have breast tumor. This change is the way the nipple or nipple is inserted into the breast.

This condition occurs because this cells can invade and change the cells behind the nipple. These changes can cause the nipple to turn upside down or to protrude inward. In fact, normal nipples will appear to stick out.

In addition to the ingrown tip of the nipple, the shape and size of the nipple often changes far from the original.

Even so, it does not mean that you are automatically positive for breast cancer if you experience these symptoms. Infeksi payudara atau kista juga dapat mengubah penampilan pada meletakkan..

Make sure you call your doctor if these symptoms are new or have not been tested.

Breast Cancer Treatment

  1. Operation.
  2. Radiation.
  3. Chemotherapy.
  4. Targeted therapy.
  5. Hormone therapy
  6. Immunotherapy.