Acne: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Acne is a disease that occurs in the skin that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This blockage that occurs in the skin can cause blackheads or pimples. Acne most usually occurs in children who enter adolescence or children who are in puberty, however, acne can affect people of all ages.


As explained in the above definition, acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. These oil glands are near the surface of your skin. These glands attach to hair follicles, which are tiny holes in your skin where hair grows.

The oil glands produce an oily substance called sebum which lubricates the hair and skin so that the skin does not become dry.

Under certain conditions and situations, the oil glands produce too much sebum. Excess sebum mixes with dead skin cells and the two substances clog the follicles, causing acne.

If the hair follicle is blocked close to the surface of the skin, it protrudes, creating a whitehead. In addition, clogged hair follicles can open up to the skin and develop blackheads.

Usually, harmless bacteria that live on the skin can contaminate and infect clogged follicles, causing papules, pustules, nodules, or cysts.


Acne often appears on the face and shoulders. but sometimes it can also occur on the torso, arms, legs, scalp and buttocks. Skin changes due to acne include:

  • Crusting of skin bumps
  • Cyst
  • Papules (small red bumps)
  • Pustules (small red bumps filled with white or yellow pus)
  • Redness around skin eruptions
  • Scar tissue on the skin
  • Whitehead
  • Blackheads

Types of Acne

There are 6 types of acne that usually attack the body

  1. whiteheads.
  2. Blackheads.
  3. Papules.
  4. Pustules.
  5. Nodules.
  6. Cysts.


There are 17 ways you can treat acne naturally, namely:

  1. Apply apple cider vinegar.
  2. Eat zinc-rich foods.
  3. Apply a honey and cinnamon mask.
  4. Apply tea tree oil.
  5. Apply green tea.
  6. Apply witch hazel.
  7. Apply aloe vera.
  8. Eat food sources of omega-3 fats.
  9. Follow a low glycemic diet
  10. Reduce or avoid stress.
  11. Exercise regularly
  12. Apply garlic
  13. Use cucumber masks regularly
  14. Use an egg white mask
  15. Apply baking soda
  16. Steam the pimply face
  17. Wash your face with clean water every day